Black seed oil. (Nigella Sativa)
- Is annual flowering plant, native to Southwest Asia and Africa. It grows 20 - 30 cm tall, with finely divided linear, but not thread like leaves. The flowers are delicate, and usually coloured pale blue and white, with 5 - 10 petals. The fruit a large inflated capsule composed of 3 - 7 united follicles, each containing numerous seeds. The seed is used for spices.
- English names for Nigella Sative are Black Cumin, fennel flower, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander, black caraway, black sesame, and black onion seed. Other names used are misleading sometimes, they are onion seed and black sesame, both of which are similar looking but unrelated.
-The seeds are frequently referred to as black cumin ( as in Bengali kalo jira ), but this is also used for a different spice, Bunium Perscum.
- In Arabic habba l-barakah "seed of blessing" or siyah daneh ( Persian ).
- This potpourri of vernacular names for this plant reflects that its widespread use as spices is relatively new in the English speaking world, and largely associated with immigrants from areas where it is well known. Increasing usage is likely to result in one of the names winning out.
- Nigella Sativa has a pungent bitter taste and a faint smell of strawberries. It is used primarily in candies and liquors. The variety of naan bread called Peshawari naan is as a rule toppled with Kalonji properties. They are eaten by elephants to aid digestion.
- History and Medicinal Usage.. Nigella Sativa has been used by African traditional doctors and healers foe medicinal purposes for centuries, both as a herb and pressed into oil, in Asia, Middle East, and Africa. It has been traditionally used for various conditions and treatments related to respiratory health, stomach, and intestinal health, kidney and liver function, circulatory and immune system support, and for general well being.
Mythology, superstition and legend passed through oral traditions predicted that Ancient Egyptian boy King Tutenkhamen was burried with a bottle of Nigella Sativa to help him in the next life after this life. Perhaps many pharaoh's were probably entombed with ointments of Nigella Sativa, because the pharaoh is always seeking super natural powers to bless his/her reign over their subjects.
- In Islam, it is regard as the greatest healing medicines available. Prophet Muhammad (PUBH) once stated that the black seed can heal every disease -